Sambucus peruviana plant with flowers



Sambucus_peruviana

Common names:-  Sauco or Rayan.

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Dipsacales
Family:     Adoxaceae
Genus:     Sambucus
Species:     S. peruviana
Binomial name
Sambucus peruviana

Uses:-

  •  Its primary use is as a fruit for human consumption. Like common elderberries the fruits can also be made into syrups and wines, and the flowers can be made into fritters.Sauco is used in traditional medicine as a diaphoretic, and for sore throats

Sambucus nigra flowers



800px-Flowers_Black_Elder

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Dipsacales
Family:     Adoxaceae
Genus:     Sambucus
Species:     S. nigra
Binomial name
Sambucus nigra

Culinary uses

The dark blue or purple berries can be eaten when fully ripe but are mildly poisonous in their unripe state.

The berries are edible after cooking and can be used to make jam, jelly, chutney and sauce.

Sambucus nigra plant



800px-Sambucus_nigra_004

Common names:- Elder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry and European black elderberry.

Medical uses:-

Stem bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, and root extracts are used to treat bronchitis, cough, upper respiratory cold infections, and fever.

It is used for its antioxidant activity:

To lower cholesterol.

To Improve vision,

To boost the immune system,

To improve heart health and for coughs, colds, flu, bacterial and viral infections and tonsillitis.

Sambucus javanica flowers



450px-Sambucus_chinensis_1

Common name:- Chinese elder.

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Dipsacales
Family:     Adoxaceae
Genus:     Sambucus
Species:     S. javanica
Binomial name
Sambucus javanica

Medicinal uses:-

Parts of the plant are used locally, variously as analgesics, blood purifiers, bowel and bladder stimulants, or even for poison.

It is also believed to be an aid against numbness, rheumatism, spasms, swelling, and trauma, as well as for general bone and circulatory health

Sambucus flowers



Sambucus_canadensis_W2_IMG_3144

Common names:- Elder or elderberry.

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Dipsacales
Family:     Adoxaceae
Genus:     Sambucus