Monarda fistulosa flowers


The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.

The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds.

Monarda fistulosa flowers


Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Lamiales
Family:     Lamiaceae
Subfamily:     Nepetoideae
Tribe:     Mentheae
Genus:     Monarda
Monarda fistulosa

Ocimum basilicum Red rubin basil


Ocimum basilicum


Red rubin basil is an improved variety of Dark opal basil that is believed to have originated in India.

It is a cultivar of Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil). This basil variety has unusual reddish-purple leaves, and a stronger flavor than sweet basil, making it most appealing for salads and garnishes.


Red rubin basil


Ocimum tenuiflorum plant


Medicinal Uses:-

Tulsi Holy Basil is used to fight fevers associated with malaria, dengue fever, colds and flu by making a tea from the leaves.

The Holy Basil teas also soothe sore throats, coughs, and respiratory ailments. Holy Basil is considered to be an adaptogen and helps protect the body against stress.

Ocimum tenuiflorum tulsi


Holy basil flowers


Common name:- Holy basil.

Ocimum tenuiflorum leaves


Medicinal uses:-
Tulasi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for a variety of ailments.

Tulasi is taken in many forms:-

  • As herbal tea,
  • Dried powder,
  • Fresh leaf or mixed with ghee.

Essential oil extracted from Karpoora tulasi is mostly used for medicinal purposes and in herbal cosmetics, and is widely used in skin preparations and for fever, colds and infections.

Ocimum tenuiflorum herb


Common names:- Ocimum sanctum, holy basil, or tulasi.

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Asterids
Order:     Lamiales
Family:     Lamiaceae
Genus:     Ocimum
Species:     O. tenuiflorum
Binomial name
Ocimum tenuiflorum

Tulasi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and also for its essential oil.

It is widely known across the Indian Subcontinent as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda.

It has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves.

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