The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.
The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds.
Red rubin basil is an improved variety of Dark opal basil that is believed to have originated in India.
It is a cultivar of Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil). This basil variety has unusual reddish-purple leaves, and a stronger flavor than sweet basil, making it most appealing for salads and garnishes.
Tulsi Holy Basil is used to fight fevers associated with malaria, dengue fever, colds and flu by making a tea from the leaves.
The Holy Basil teas also soothe sore throats, coughs, and respiratory ailments. Holy Basil is considered to be an adaptogen and helps protect the body against stress.
Common name:- Holy basil.
Tulasi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for a variety of ailments.
Tulasi is taken in many forms:-
- As herbal tea,
- Dried powder,
- Fresh leaf or mixed with ghee.
Essential oil extracted from Karpoora tulasi is mostly used for medicinal purposes and in herbal cosmetics, and is widely used in skin preparations and for fever, colds and infections.
Common names:- Ocimum sanctum, holy basil, or tulasi.
Species: O. tenuiflorum
Tulasi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and also for its essential oil.
It is widely known across the Indian Subcontinent as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda.
It has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves.